Guwahati, December 5, 2018:
A team of Indian scientists of to the Indian Institute of Science (IISc, Bengaluru), the Indian Institute of Technology presented at study at the COP 24 climate conference in which Assam and Mizoram are considered to be the most vulnerable to climate change among the Himalayan states.
The conference was held in Katowice, Poland.
In the study the team went through 12 western and eastern Himalayan states on various parameters crucial for adaptation to climate change. The study areas were- irrigated area, per capital income (for 2014-15), area under crop insurance, forest cover and the extent of slopes.
The data have been collected from government records like the census and annual reports. The team found that Assam and Mizoram ranked highest on the vulnerability index.
Assam has higher vulnerability with the lowest areas under irrigation and lowest forest area per 1,000 rural households among the 12 states, lowest per capital income, lowest area under crop insurance and relatively low participation in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Guarantee Scheme that provides 100 days of employment (unskilled public work) to at least one adult member of every poor rural household.
Whereas, Mizoram is also highly vulnerable because of the same issues but also because at least 30% of the geographical area is under slope.